Seize the opportunities for recovery of European machine tools

In 2011, the world economy was in the recovery phase after the financial crisis, and the economic growth rate will gradually recover. According to Luo Baihui, head of the International Die & Metals & Plastics Industry Suppliers Association, European machine tools are emerging from the global financial crisis, returning to the growth track and quickly recovering their vitality. Overseas demand has also been largely restored. According to CECIMO statistics, the output value of machine tools of all member countries in 2010 totaled 16.6 billion euros, a slight decrease of 1% over the same period in 2009. Export is still an important driving force for the development of the European machine tool industry. In 2010, CECIMO's machine tool exports remained stable at 12.3 billion euros, accounting for about 3/4 of the total output value. The strong export of machine tools is a strong testament to the technological leadership and economic success of European manufacturing. While exports were stable, the apparent consumption of European machine tools continued to decline for two consecutive years. In 2010, the European market for domestic machine tools contracted to 9.8 billion euros, a year-on-year drop of 6%. At the same time, machine tool imports also fell 7 percent year-on-year to 5.4 billion euros.

According to Frank Brinken, chairman of the CECIMO Economic Committee of the European Machine Tool Industry Council, "With the highest production record for machine tools in Europe in 2008, the production of machine tools fell to the bottom in 2010. However, with the release of order capacity, it is expected that industry output will emerge in 2011. Two-digit growth: The European machine tool market will enter a stage of stable and continuous growth, but it should be noted that despite the strong orders growth in the first three quarters, there is still a big gap from the peak in 2008, and the recovery of production needs to be longer. Time." Frank Brinken pointed out: "In 2010, machine tool production in Europe accounted for about one-third of the world's total machine tool production, and its share in 2009 was 43%. This fully demonstrates the booming market for Asian machine tools." International Luo Baihui, responsible person of molds and hardware and plastic industry supplier associations, confirmed this point. China's machine tool industry's total industrial output value continued to grow at a high rate throughout the year, accumulatively achieving a total industrial output value of 553.68 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 40.6%; and product sales value of 543.44 billion yuan. Yuan, a year-on-year increase of 41.4%. The machine tool industry showed a steady and rapid development momentum, and the fundamentals of the industry maintained a favorable trend.

In terms of exports, the market share of European machine tools has also dropped significantly. In 2010, the ratio of European machine tool exports to total world exports fell to 50% for the first time, compared to 62% in 2009. Frank Brinken believes that the global machine tool market will continue to rise in the future and will reach a new peak by 2013. However, this growth will be mainly concentrated in markets outside Europe, mainly from China and other Asian countries. Therefore, in order to maintain the existing market share, the European machine tool industry will face enormous challenges. CECIMO calls on the EU to further open its markets to Asia, and anti-competitive behavior will damage European exports. European machine tool manufacturers need a global competitive environment based on the rules of the international trading system, fully tap the growth of external markets and restore their lost market share.

The German machine tool industry enjoys a good reputation in the world, and two-thirds of its products are exported. This is due to Germany’s technological leadership in the international market. Martin Kapp, president of the German Machine Tool Manufacturers Association VDW, said that production will increase by 30% in 2011. From the end of 2009, on a quarterly basis, the number of orders in the machine tool industry achieved double-digit growth, which was mainly due to the strong pull from China, South Korea and India. In response, Luo Baihui, head of the International Die & Metals and Plastics Industry Suppliers Association, said that the development of China's machine tool industry is basically good, and the connection between production and sales is still relatively good. However, it is expected that in the coming period, the year-on-year growth of the sales revenue of the machine tool industry may slow down. The machine tool industry should further pay close attention to changes in market demand, make the products more marketable, avoid increasing inventory and tight capital chain, affecting the company's steady progress. The situation of development occurred. According to the forecast of the International Monetary Fund, the GDP of developed economies will increase by about 2.4% in 2011, and the GDP of developing countries will increase by about 6.6%. It is expected that there will be an increase in international market demand, especially the continuous expansion of economic and technical cooperation between China and emerging economies and developing countries, the establishment of a free trade zone with six ASEAN countries, and the signing of free trade zones with countries such as Chile, Peru and Singapore. Factors such as the agreement, the international economic environment in 2011 is conducive to the steady and rapid development of foreign trade in China's machine tool industry. However, due to the lack of momentum in the recovery of the world economy, many deep-seated contradictions and problems have yet to be resolved. Coupled with the impact of the European sovereign debt crisis, the US economy has experienced a weak recovery and the uncertainty of economic development has increased. At the same time, the supply and demand of resource products in the international market are still relatively tight, some raw material prices may increase, and the expected appreciation of the RMB exchange rate and the increase in the cost of labor in China will all increase the cost of export of machine tools. What needs special attention is that in the economic downturn, trade protectionism will continue to emerge in various countries. All these will have an adverse effect on the expansion of China's machine tool industry.

In 2010, China’s machine tool exports totaled US$7.03 billion, a substantial increase from the same period of the previous year, and US$100 million less than the highest level in 2008. Among them, the monthly export value of machine tools increased at a rapid rate compared with the same period of last year, and the growth rate of metal processing machine tools was lower than that of machine tool products. Luo Baihui analyzed that the main reason for the sharp rise in China's export value of machine tool tools is that with the further recovery of the macro economy, the international market has shown signs of recovery, and the demand for machine tool products in emerging markets has increased rapidly; at the same time, the previous year's base number Lower, also formed a faster growth rate.

From the import perspective, China's machine tool imports also saw a significant increase in 2010. Specifically, the monthly import value of machine tool tools is rapidly rising; the unit price of imported CNC metal processing machines has fallen sharply year-on-year; the year-on-year growth rate of numerical control devices, machine tool fixtures, metal forming machine tool parts, gauges, and gauges has surpassed that of the previous year. Imports grew year-on-year. According to the prediction of the China Machine Tool Industry Association, in 2011, China's machine tool industry will continue to maintain a steady growth momentum, the industry's total industrial output growth rate will still exceed 10% year-on-year, import and export will continue to grow, import and export product structure will be improve. On the import side, the proportion of imports of large heavy-duty machine tools and expensive machine tools may continue to decline. The import of key components required for domestic companies to develop high-end machine tools and heavy-duty machine tools will increase. On the export side, except for a small number of high-end and heavy-duty machine tools, they may continue to make breakthroughs and enter the international market. Middle and low-end CNC machine tools, high-quality ordinary machine tools suitable for user needs, and metal cutting tools and abrasive tools, forging and stamping tools, machine tool accessories And so on, will still be welcomed by the international market and users.

The characteristics of the machine tool products presented in terms of imports show that the current domestic machine tool products cannot fully meet the needs of the domestic market. At present, the market demand for machine tool products in China is still very large. However, whether domestic enterprises can grasp the market opportunities depends on whether the product quality is hard enough, whether the technical strength is strong enough, and whether the products can meet the needs of customers. Through the implementation of the “Eleventh Five-Year Plan”, “High-end CNC Machine Tools and Basic Manufacturing Equipment” has broken through a number of key technologies such as high-speed, high-precision motion control and reliability design, and has completed the development of over a dozen of international advanced technologies. Heavy equipment played an active role in the response of the equipment manufacturing industry to the financial crisis. It can meet some of the needs of the aerospace and other four major fields and completed the special “Eleventh Five-Year Plan” research objectives. The world's largest 36,000 tons ferrous metal vertical extrusion machine has been put into production a few days ago, solved a number of key technologies such as transmission and control operating system design and manufacturing, and achieved a major breakthrough in extrusion process technology. The successful development of this equipment has enabled foreign companies to reduce the price of large-diameter, thick-walled steel pipes from 180,000 yuan/ton to more than 50,000 yuan/ton, and it is expected that the cost savings for related companies using these products will be more than 10 billion yuan per year. The 10-meter numerically controlled bridge-type gantry turning and milling machine for processing large steam turbine casings and other key components of nuclear power units has mastered three key technologies such as beam assembly and processing technology, ensuring the machining accuracy of the machine tools. Two machine tools deliver the user. The super-heavy horizontal boring lathe with a rotating diameter of 5 meters and a load capacity of 500 tons breaks through core technologies such as super heavy-duty high-precision hydrostatic spindle technology. The main technical performance index of the machine tool has reached the international advanced level, has been delivered to the user, and completed a 110 megawatts supercritical nuclear power half speed rotor machining. Large-scale CNC machine tools with large import volume and wide market demand have been deployed. Through the joint development of backbone enterprises, colleges and universities and users, key technologies such as structural optimization design and thermal compensation have been researched. Ningjiang Machine Tool, Beijing Institute of Precision Machinery and other units have completed the development of more than 30 models of precision, high-speed vertical and horizontal machining centers, CNC lathes, five-axis linkage machining centers and other new products, precision and speed can reach "11 V. At the end of the international advanced level, the MTBF of the host reached 900 hours. With the gradual introduction of the new batch of products into the market, it will effectively improve the technical level of domestic high-end CNC machine tools and promote the supporting verification of domestic high-end CNC systems and functional components. In terms of numerical control systems, multi-axis multi-channel and bus-type high-end numerical control device prototypes have been developed, and independent intellectual property rights have been formed in multi-axis linkage interpolation algorithms and error compensation core technologies. At present, Huazhong CNC, Guangzhou CNC and other units have completed the production of 50 sets of open all-digital high-end numerical control device prototypes, and relevant supporting verification work is in progress. In the implementation process, the special project actively creates a research environment in which common technology and host and component support each other's cooperation. It requires universities and research institutes that share common technical issues to integrate superior resources and help enterprises solve practical problems in production and research and development. In terms of reliability technology research, Jilin University has developed a number of reliability specifications for CNC machine tools and developed a reliability test and test test bench, which provides reference for product reliability design and testing of key enterprises such as Shenyang Machine Tool and Dalian Machine Tool. .

The main objective of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 17th CPC Central Committee on the economic and social development of the 12th Five-Year Plan pointed out that "smooth and rapid economic development", "significant progress in the strategic adjustment of economic structure" and "increased income of urban and rural residents generally and quickly." . The machine tool industry is faced with the important task of adjusting the economic structure and transforming the mode of development. We must vigorously develop emerging strategic industries, research and develop high-end CNC machine tools and their functional components, automated complete production lines, and intelligent control systems. With the adjustment of the industrial structure, the product structure will be gradually optimized, and the import and export structure of machine tools will also change. Luo Baihui said that during the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, the main goal of the machine tool industry was to take a big step towards a powerful machine tool industry, significantly improve the industrial structure, and significantly improve the product structure. In addition, the market share of CNC machine tools must increase significantly, reaching more than 70%, and the development mode of the industry must change significantly. In order to achieve this development goal, China's machine tool industry will focus on accomplishing three major tasks: First, increase efforts to increase the competitiveness and industrialization of middle-to-high-end machine tool products. To improve quality and manufacturing capabilities, and to increase the research and development of numerical control systems and functional components, the machine tool must be solid to solve deep technical problems, especially industrialization. The second is to promote the industrialization of CNC systems and functional components. As a strategic demand resource, high-end CNC machine tools are in an important position and must be self-contained to achieve sustainable development. The third is to promote the transformation of the development mode of the machine tool industry. To nurture the model, we must not rely on hardware, software, and weight, and we must ignore the complete set. We must have a good product, but we must also train a group of comprehensive talents who understand both the user's technology and their products.

During the "12th Five-Year Plan" period, the machine tool industry will usher in a favorable opportunity for structural adjustment. Luo Baihui believes that in the next few years or even longer periods, the downstream industries in the fields of aviation, aerospace, shipbuilding, electricity, energy, automobiles, rail transit, and high-speed railways will carry out large-scale and in-depth structural adjustments. While bringing great opportunities to the machine tool industry, it will also put forward newer and higher requirements for precision, efficiency, reliability, energy saving and environmental protection of machine tool products. For example, the aviation sector will demand more high-speed, precision, compound, and multi-axis linkage of high-level machine tool products; the power industry will put forward new requirements for high-rigidity, high-torque, multi-coordinate heavy-duty machine tools, and numerical control tools and gauges; The industrial upgrading of the shipbuilding industry requires high-quality heavy-duty, super-heavy machine tools with special processing equipment; the automotive industry will require a large number of production lines, flexible lines and special machine tools. Luo Baihui suggested that China's machine tools and tools enterprises should regard accelerating structural adjustment as a long-term strategic priority in the future, further using scientific and technological innovation as the starting point, accelerating the pace of structural adjustment, and striving to achieve a shift from focusing on scale and speed to focusing on quality and efficiency. Low-grade resources and high-energy-consumption products are dedicated to enhancing the added value of the products and further improve the overall development level of the machine tool industry.

The construction of CNC machine tool industry bases around the world has become a mainstream product of the machine tool industry. According to Luo Baihui, head of the International Die & Metals and Plastics Industry Suppliers Association, driven by the demand, the output of CNC machine tools in China continues to grow at a high speed. CNC machine tools have become the mainstream of machine tool consumption, and China's future market for CNC machine tools is huge. Under this development situation, it is essential to have a group of large-scale equipment manufacturing enterprises that are relatively competitive. At the same time, the national policy strongly supports and advocates relying on regional advantages, exerting industrial agglomeration effects and forming a number of equipment manufacturing centers with distinctive and well-known brands. The construction of CNC machine tool industry bases has been one after another.

1. New Project of Botou CNC Machine Tool Industry Park The construction of Botou CNC Machine Tool Industrial Park is located at the south side of Zhengang Road, Botou Industrial Zone. It covers an area of ​​1 square kilometer and has already met the project entry requirements. The first batch of 6 projects, including Beijing Boyuan Machine Tool Co., Ltd., Lutong Machine Tool Co., Giant Giant Industry Co., Ltd., Lisheng Machine Tool Co., Ltd., Jingda Machine Tool Co., Ltd. and Shenyang Machine Tool Co., Ltd., entered the park with a total investment of 1.68 billion yuan. After these projects reach production and reach efficiency, they can realize an annual sales income of 3.3 billion yuan, profits and taxes of 780 million yuan, and at the same time boost Botou Machinery and equipment manufacturing as a whole. Secretary of the Municipal Party Committee Guo Hua said that this is not only a major event in the development of the Botou CNC machine tool industry, but also a major event in the development of machinery and equipment manufacturing industry in Bozhou. Botou City identified the CNC machine tool industry as a breakthrough for development. It not only conforms to the actual development of Botou Industry, but also makes full use of national industrial policies, and has a broad market prospect. Guo Hua hoped that Botou City and related departments would do everything possible to provide a favorable environment for the smooth construction and rapid growth of the company, and create conditions and lay a foundation for the redevelopment of the old industrial base in Botou.

Recently, Hebei Seiko Machine Tool, Hebei Advance Machine Tool, and a machine tool project jointly invested by Shandong Lunan Machine Tool Co., Ltd., Botou Giants Co., Ltd. and Chengdu Guangtai Co., Ltd. are located in the Botou City CNC machine tool industry park. Nearly 1 billion yuan. After it is expected to reach production capacity, it will annually produce 2000 sets of automated numerical control systems, 150,000 sets of driving power, and 500 sets of industrial robots. Luo Baihui, head of the International Die & Metals and Plastics Industry Suppliers Association, said that the construction of these three machine tools marks the beginning of a substantial advancement phase for the development of the CNC machine tool industry in Botou City, and the goal of building a machinery and equipment manufacturing base. A solid step.

2. Kunming plans to build a base for CNC machine tools and equipment manufacturing Shenyang Machine Tool (Group) Co., Ltd. is a leading company in China's equipment manufacturing industry, ranking first in the industry in China, ranking third in the world in machine tool companies, the company in 2005, 2006 In investment in Kunming City, Yunnan Province, it is currently the first major shareholder of Shenji Group Kunming Machine Tool Co., Ltd. and Yunnan CY Group Co., Ltd. In recent years, under the care and support of the municipal party committee and the municipal government, both Kunji and Yunji have achieved significant development. At present, it is planning to build a numerical control machine tool industry base and a heavy-duty factory building in Yangming Industrial Park in Hanming County.

Kunming is striving to establish a major channel, organize large logistics, cultivate a large market, cultivate large industries, build a metropolis, promote openness, promote large-scale development, win large-scale development, and speed up construction to lead China's opening to the southwest, with its unique "five major advantages." Regional international cities have unlimited future prospects. In response to regional economic construction, Shenji Group, which welcomes brands and has great influence, has increased investment in Kunming. It has increased the scale, strengthened its strength, professional excellence, high efficiency, brand success, and extensive marketing. Kunming must Full support and good service.

3. Ruiyuan builds the first numerically-controlled machine tool industrialization base in East China at the No. 1 Minjiang Road, Shaoxing Economic Development Zone, Zhejiang Province, with a total investment of 350 million yuan and a production area of ​​75 mu. Base (Zhejiang Ruiyuan Aerospace Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd.) is stepping up construction. After the base is completed, it will be used to develop and produce aerospace monitoring and control equipment, detection guidance and signal analysis and processing control equipment, industrial electrical control and special CNC system and other products.

“At present, the series of aerospace optoelectronic equipment and measurement and control and numerical control systems have been completed and the civil engineering construction of the production base has been completed by 80%. It is expected that it can be put into operation by the end of November 2010.” He Wei told reporters that after the project is put into production, it is expected to be able to The increase in sales of 1.2 billion yuan will also make "Ruiyuan" become the first industrialized base of numerical control machine tools in East China.

4. Dalian NC Machine Tool and New Energy Industrialization Base won the national award. Dalian City, Liaoning Province won the “National New Energy High-tech Industrialization Base” and “National CNC Machine Tool High-tech Industrialization Base” and won the national award again. Dalian has taken the lead in the construction of high-tech industrialization bases and has become a model city in the field of new energy. In the field of CNC machine tools, the industrial clustering effect has emerged and a number of innovative results have been achieved.

At present, Dalian has established 8 industrial technology innovation strategic alliances, established high-end R&D institutions such as CNC, New Energy Technology Research Institute, energy-saving and new energy vehicle research and development centers, and formed a number of core technologies with independent intellectual property rights in the above-mentioned areas. In the next three years, the city will cultivate 100 innovative companies with strong competitiveness, sound intellectual property systems, and continuous innovation capabilities in the same industry at home and abroad, among which technology companies with sales revenues of over one billion yuan should achieve 10 homes.

5. Qi'er Machine Tool was awarded the title of “International Science and Technology Cooperation Base” The unveiling ceremony of the International Cooperation Department of the Ministry of Science and Technology granted to Qi Machine Tool Co., Ltd. was held in Qi’er Machine Tool. Chen Linhao, Deputy Director of the Department of International Cooperation of the Ministry of Science and Technology, Xu Hai, Counselor of the Department of Europe, and Zhou Longchao, Deputy Director of the European Department attended the unveiling ceremony accompanied by relevant provincial and municipal leaders.

At the unveiling ceremony, Cheng Fenglan, chief engineer of Qi 2 Machine Tool Co., reported to the leaders in detail the achievements made by the company in the introduction, absorption, and re-innovation of international technology. He also stated that he would continue to develop under the leadership of China General Technology Group and the support of various ministries and commissions. Innovate, expand the field of international cooperation, raise the level of cooperation, and create more success.

Chen Linhao said on behalf of the Department of International Cooperation of the Ministry of Science and Technology that it will, as always, support the development of international cooperation among enterprises, and hopes to improve independent innovation capabilities through international cooperation in science and technology, and take the opportunity of building an international cooperation base for science and technology, and strive to make the company independent in a relatively short period of time. The level of innovation and the development of science and technology have leapt to a new level, making greater contributions to the development of enterprises, the revitalization of China's equipment manufacturing industry, and the construction of the national economy.

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